Mission live on Mars II

Man’s insatiable and insatiable thirst for adventure pushes him to think the unthinkable, to nurture the “crazy” idea of ​​not only visiting mars but of colonizing it and making it a second planet to be occupied by a man in the next 40 to 100 years. The condition on Mars is certainly far removed from that on Earth. The average temperature on the planet is negative 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and it lacks Earth’s dense atmosphere, which leads to huge temperature fluctuations and huge dust storms. Similarly, Mars also has no magnetic field, which means there is nothing to protect the inhabitants from the intense radiation emitted by the sun. Living on Mars would be like living in a bunker after a nuclear explosion. Despite the difficult conditions envisaged on the red planet, potential travelers will not undertake the trip for free! Trips to Mars are estimated to cost around $10 billion per seat, which equates to 7 trillion naira.

Can people traveling to Mars be protected from radiation while traveling in space? Then it is necessary to have a survival system for the inhabitants of Mars. We need to figure out how to create habitats with electricity, sanitation, clean air and clean water. And what about food and spare parts in the event of a breakdown? And many other unanswered questions, yet people still entertain the idea of ​​a “mission to live on Mars”. These “crazy” adventurers compare “Mission to live on Mars” to how “America was founded/discovered” by pioneers who braved the worst conditions imaginable, to cross the Atlantic Ocean, discover America, then cross the whole country to the Pacific. Thus, Mars can be considered the next “New World” in this respect. From imagination to action, what are the prospects and progress of man’s plan to visit and occupy Mars, our neighboring planet?

In answer to the second question, scientists have done wonderfully well on a mission to Mars with the support of billions of US dollars from their governments. So far, from 1971 when the first mission was launched by Russia to last year, 2021, there have been 14 successful missions to Mars and two failed missions. The average distance from Earth, our planet to Mars is 140 million miles (225 million Km) and it takes nine months of travel to reach Mars and another nine months on the return trip, and three months stay on Mars before returning.

Among the successful missions were four spacecraft sent by China and America in 2021, each sending two separate spacecraft. China’s CNSA sent the Tianwen-1 lander and Zhurong rover in 2020 and landed on Mars in 2021. CNSA stands for China National Space Administration, a government agency of the People’s Republic of China responsible for administering civil space and international space cooperation, including the organization or conduct of exchanges and cooperation with foreign countries in the aerospace field.

The Tianwen-1 lander is a robotic spacecraft composed of six other spacecraft: an orbiter, two deployable cameras, a lander, a remote camera and the Zhurong rover. The spacecraft, with a total mass of almost five tons, was one of the heaviest probes launched on Mars and carried 14 scientific instruments. This was the first in a series of planned missions undertaken by the CNSA as part of its planetary exploration program of China. The scientific objectives of the mission were to study the surface geology and the internal structure of Mars, to search for clues of the present and past presence of water and to characterize the space environment and the atmosphere of Mars. The mission launched on July 23, 2020. After a seven-month transit through the inner solar system, the spacecraft entered Mars orbit on February 10, 2021. For the next three months, the probe studied landing sites targets from reconnaissance orbit. On May 14, 2021, the lander/rover portion of the mission successfully landed on the surface of Mars, making China the third nation to perform a soft landing on the planet with an established communications system from the Martian surface, after the Soviet Union. and the United States.

Similarly, the United States sent the Perseverance rover and the Ingenuity helicopter on a mission to Mars in 2021. Perseverance is a car-sized rover designed to explore the Jezero crater on Mars as part of the Mars mission 2020 from NASA. It was launched on July 30, 2020 and successfully landed on Mars on February 18, 2021. As of today, September 12, 2022, when I write this article, Perseverance has been active on Mars for 555 sols (days on Mars – 571 Earth days, or 1 year, 6 months and 25 days) since landing. Perseverance carries seven main payload instruments, nineteen cameras and two microphones. It also carried the Ingenuity mini-helicopter to Mars, an experimental aircraft and technology testbed that performed the first powered flight on another planet on April 19, 2021. As of August 31, 2022, it had completed 30 successful flights. Ingenuity’s 25th successful flight, which took place on April 8, 2022, saw the helicopter set new records for the highest speed and distance flown in a single flight. Mars mission objectives include identifying ancient Martian environments capable of supporting life, searching for evidence of ancient microbial life existing in these environments, collecting rock and soil samples to be stored on the Martian surface and testing the possible production of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere to prepare for future crewed missions.

Now, a possibility of human residence on Mars in the near future? Several factors stand in the way of sending a human being to Mars, but scientists are working tirelessly to overcome these challenges.

To be completed next week

Arline J. Mercier